Periodontal diseases are infections of the gums that will gradually destroy the support of your natural teeth over time. Dental plaque is the primary cause of gum disease, with daily brushing and flossing preventing most periodontal conditions.

Once adults hit around 35 years of age, they’re more susceptible to losing teeth as a result of gum diseases than from cavities, with 3 out 4 adults affected. The easiest way to prevent both cavities and periodontal disease is by brushing your teeth and flossing every day.

Periodontal disease and decay are the results of bacterial plaque, a colorless film that sticks to your teeth along the gum line. Plaque is constantly forming on your teeth but through regular brushing and flossing, you can remove this plaque and reduce your chances of periodontal disease. If the plaque is not removed by daily brushing and flossing, it will harden into a rough and porous substance known as calculus or tartar.

The bacteria that’s found in plaque can release toxins or poisons that irritate the gums, making them turn red, swell and bleed easily. Over prolonged periods, the gums will eventually separate from the teeth and cause spaces to form, leading to a deterioration in the supporting gum tissue and bone that holds your teeth in place.
Gingivitis is the term used for the early stages when you may experience red, inflamed or bleeding gums. If detected early, gum disease can easily be reversed. If it’s at a more advanced stage, it may still be able to be treated using the latest in dental procedures.


The easiest and most effective way of preventing gum disease is through daily brushing and flossing, as well as regular visits to your dentist for check-ups and cleaning. Even if you’re diligent in your home dental care, it’s still possible to develop some form of periodontal disease, which is why maintaining regular dental checkups is important.

Other factors that may affect the health of your gums include smoking, stress, diabetes and medication, as well as poor nutrition or the clenching and grinding of teeth.


Recession of the gums can result in a number of dental or health problems, with the possibility of leading to tooth loss over time. Because your gums are the body’s natural line of defense against oral bacteria, it’s essential that you keep them in good health. If detected early, gum recession can be controlled through relatively minor changes to your oral hygiene routine.

However, if your gums have receded dramatically, then gum grafting will be necessary. Gum grafting involves removing a small section of tissue from a nearby area or from the roof of the mouth, then reattaching it in the problem area.

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